Migrants from India settled in Australia 4,000 years ago before Captain Cook’s arrival (and they took their dingos with them).


  • Genes reveal that a wave of Indian migrants arrived 4,230 years ago

  • Up to 11 per cent of Aboriginal DNA derives from Indians

  • An earlier wave of migrants arrived about 45,000 years ago

By Lewis Smith

PUBLISHED: 17:34 GMT, 15 January 2013 | UPDATED: 11:53 GMT, 16 January 2013

Australia was settled by a wave of immigrants from India little more than 4,000 years ago, a genetic study shows.

The finding overturns the view that the continent was isolated from the time it was first colonised about 45,000-50,000 years ago until Europeans discovered Australia in the eighteenth century.

DNA evidence suggests that rather than complete most of the journey over several generations by foot, the Indian migrants came over by boat.

By the time the Indian settlers reached Australia the ancient land bridge was under water so they sailed.

By the time the Indian settlers reached Australia the ancient land bridge was under water so they sailed.

Australia’s first human colonisation was the culmination of the long walk out of Africa by the human species.

Humans are believed to have left Africa, via the Arabian coast and through India before reaching Indonesia and New Guinea and finally over an ancient land bridge to Australia.

Following their arrival there was, according to ‘the prevailing view’, little if any contact between Australia’s Aboriginal inhabitants and the rest of the world.

But DNA evidence has now revealed a second wave of human settlement took place about 4,230 years ago, long before the first European settled there.

Australia was first seen by a European in 1606 when it was sighted from a ship and a further 53 vessels arrived before Captain James Cook arrived in 1770 to claim it for Britain.

Analysis of DNA samples from Aboriginal people living in the Northern Territories of Australia today shows that they have up to 11 per cent of their genetic heritage is Indian

The new settlers came from India and the lack of their DNA in other parts of Asia suggests they sailed directly across the Indian Ocean rather than work their way towards Australia by foot.

Scientists found strong evidence of a wave of settlers from India reaching Australia 141 generations ago.

Scientists found strong evidence of a wave of settlers from India reaching Australia 141 generations ago.

 

Aborignals who took part in the study were found to have up to 11 per cent of their DNA from Indian descent.

Aborignals who took part in the study were found to have up to 11 per cent of their DNA from Indian descent.

Intriguingly, their arrival corresponds to evidence in the archaeological record that shows dingos reached Australia about the same time, suggesting they may have been transported by boat by the human settlers.

Dr Irina Pugach, of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, said the international research team calculated that the Indian DNA reached the Aboriginal population 141 generations ago.

Assuming that each generation is separated on average by 30 years the geneticists were able to conclude that the Indian population arrived on in Australia 4230 years ago.

CAPTAIN COOK FACTS

James Cook was born in Marton, in Yorkshire, in 1728.

He worked for a shopkeeper before joining the Navy.

In 1768 he set off in HM bark Endeavour, a former collier, on a secret mission to find land for King George III.

In 1770 Cook located the east coast of Australia named it New South Wales and claimed it for Britain.

He was killed in 1779 by islanders on Hawaii.

‘Interestingly this date also coincides with many changes in the archaeological record of Australia, which include a sudden change in plant processing and stone tool technologies, with microliths appearing for the first time, and the first appearance of the dingo in the fossil record,’ she said.

‘Since we detect inflow of genes from India into Australia at around the same time, it is likely that these changes were related to this migration.’

Mark Stoneking, a geneticist at the Max Planck Institute, led the study and told Nature magazine: ‘Australia is thought to represent one of the earliest migrations for humans after they left Africa, but it seemed pretty isolated after that.’

DNA from 344 people was analysed for the study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Samples were taken from people in Papua New Guinea, South East Asia, China, the US and Australia’s Northern Territory.

The dingo is thought to have reached Australia with humans about 4,230 years ago.

The dingo is thought to have reached Australia with humans about 4,230 years ago.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2262843/Migrants-India-settled-Australia-4-000-years-ago-Captain-Cooks-arrival-took-dingos-them.html#ixzz2IbWJD1zM

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15 thoughts on “Migrants from India settled in Australia 4,000 years ago before Captain Cook’s arrival (and they took their dingos with them).

    • Funny tho, some born and breed in OZ, have no clue, they know what they have been thought in school 😀
      AND SOME WILL GET IN TO AN ARGUMENT OR EVEN FIGHT FOR THEIRS PATRIOTIC SPIRIT and STUPIDITY.
      ZOMBIES 😀
      Cheers

      • Well they aren’t the only country that has lied about it’s history and taught falsely. More than likely all countries have their lies and hidden agendas concerning the truth about it’s origin.;)
        Yes for sure some will not budge on what they have been brainwashed to believe. LOL
        Cheers

  1. Hmmmm…just wondering? Am I the only one who has a big mouth and likes to comment? Ha-Ha-Ha….seems like it. It would be nice to see others comment once in awhile. 🙂

    • Like the famous Facebook, This site is for invisible and mystery nicknames ..You don’t talk much, just click LIKE, and RE-BLOG 😀
      That is easy done, and one can make a name for him/her self by voting, getting back votes, clicking LIKE/S and getting as many LIKE/S back, or RE-BLOGGING as much as one can per day, etc, etc 😀 NO WORRIES eh ? NOT BAD …LOL ? 😉

      • Oh ok…now I see why I get no following as I am not a zombie as I like to inneract with people. LOL
        Different strokes for different folks as the saying goes.
        I think perhaps this WordPress is not a place for me to be as I am not trying to make a name for myself I am only interested in world views/finding truths/humor/discussions on different views.
        I see no point in clicking a Like Button without commenting,but that’s just me.
        So I shall just say in ending Hasta la Vista baby.
        Cheers

    • That’s okay 😀

      “Eyes blinded by the fog of things cannot see truth. Ears deafened by the din of things cannot hear truth. Brains bewildered by the whirl of things cannot think truth. Hearts deadened by the weight of things cannot feel truth. Throats choked by the dust of things cannot speak truth.” ― Harald Bell Wright – The Uncrowned King

    • I am not an Anthropologist, but to answer in my peculiar way, I believe YES , they may well, or PERHAPS WELL BE. 😀 …That may hurt the Aussie Perversity, Lies, False Science or even POLIES, *& BIRROC-RATS, but hey, we all must learn to live up to the TRUTH one day 😉

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